Like carbohydrates and lipids, proteins contain carbon, hydrogen and
Proteins also contain nitrogen.
The basic units that make up proteins are amino
The formula for an amino acid is shown below:
In the diagram R represents a side chain.
There are 20 different naturally occuring side chains, so there are 20
different amino acids. The different side chains will have different
properties - some are acidic, some can form hydrogen bonds, some contain
sulfur, some are hydrophobic and some hydrophylic - so the 20 amino acids
will have different chemical properties.